How is a High Sheriff appointed?
Three High Sheriffs are nominated annually for each County and are put forward in a meeting of the Lords of the Council in the Queen's bench division of the High Court of Justice; the nominations are presided over by the Lord Chief Justice on the 12th November each year. Nominations to the Office of High Sheriff are dealt with through the Presiding Judge of the Circuit and the Privy Council for consideration by The Sovereign in Council.
The selection of new High Sheriffs is made annually in a meeting with the Privy Council by the Sovereign when the custom of 'pricking' the appointee's name with a bodkin is perpetuated.
Eligibility for nomination and appointment of High Sheriffs under the Sheriffs Act of 1887 excludes Peers of Parliament and Members of the House of Commons, and, by extension, Members of the European Parliament or Welsh Assembly, full-time members of the Judiciary, including Special Commissioners or Officers of Customs and Excise or Inland Revenue, Officers of the Post Office, and Officers of the Royal Navy, Army or Royal Air Force on full pay. These provisions reflect the essential requirement that the Office of High Sheriff is a non-political appointment.
Following the 'pricking' of the High Sheriff in the Privy Council by the Sovereign a Warrant of Appointment is sent by the Clerk of the Privy Council in the following terms:
'WHEREAS HER MAJESTY was this day pleased, by and with the advice of HER PRIVY COUNCIL, to nominate you for, and appoint you to be HIGH SHERIFF of the COUNTY OF Gloucestershire.
During HER MAJESTY'S PLEASURE: These are therefore to require you to take the Custody and Charge of Gloucestershire, and duly to perform the duties of HIGH SHERIFF thereof during HER MAJESTY'S PLEASURE, whereof you are duly to answer according to law.'
The High Sheriff takes up appointment, usually in April each year with the making of a sworn declaration in terms, set out by the Sheriffs Act 1887 before a High Court Judge or Justice of the Peace. The appointment is for one year only except in the event of something untoward happening to a High Sheriff's expected successor, when a High Sheriff must remain in Office until the appointment of a successor is completed.
Under the Sheriffs Act of 1887 it is the duty of an incumbent High Sheriff to appoint a successor to serve in their county in three years' time. In Gloucestershire, a Consultative Panel exists which includes independent members and representatives of the Lieutenancy, the Judiciary, the Constabulary and the Media, to assist the High Sheriff in identifying suitably experienced and public spirited individuals prepared to take on what is a highly time-demanding role. The Office of High Sheriff is carried out on a wholly voluntary basis with no part of the expense incurred by the High Sheriff falling on the public purse.